KW 23: New tensions between China and India, Germany has deported almost 180 Islamists, UN urges ceasefire talks in Libya

GREETINGS

All eyes on China: China has been at the heart of US strategic security policy since 2018, pushing Russia out of first place. This decision by the Americans appears to be correct: In the Covid-19 crisis, China achieved remarkably quick first successes in the field of soft power application through publicly staged protective mask transports. China’s hard-power spending has increased by around ten percent annually since 2001 and has now reached $250 billion a year.

China has become a superpower and China has its own idea of what the world should look like. The current border conflict with India is just one of several conflicts that could draw the less united Western world into a dispute that could also divide it internally. That is why it is now up to us Europeans to deal firstly with Russian threats of destabilization and secondly to develop our own strategy in the event of a (proxy) conflict with China.

Warm greetings from
Christian Hübenthal
– Editor Defensio Briefing –

NEWS

New tensions between China and India: At the start of May, around 250 soldiers of Indian and Chinese army personnel were engaged in a face-off along the northern bank of the Pangong Lake and even resorted to stone-pelting. A number of soldiers on both sides sustained injuries. The situation in the area remained tense after the violent clashes between the troops. Sources say 72 soldiers were injured in the confrontation at Pangong Lake. It was the first case of troops from the two sides exchanging blows after a similar incident around the Pangong Lake in August 2017. India accuses China of pursuing an aggressive foreign policy and increasing military pressure on India – China, on the other hand, believes it has the right to defend its territorial claims. The current face-off is believed to be in reaction to India steadily building infrastructure in Ladakh.
business-standard.com, economist.com

Germany has deported almost 180 Islamists: Since the Breitscheidplatz terrorist attack in Berlin in December 2016, 177 dangerous Islamists have been deported. Since 2017, the number of deported Islamist fighters has been systematically recorded. The basis for the deportation of Islamists of non-German origin is section 58a of the Residence Act, which was created after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. However, there are a number of legal hurdles associated with this, which is why it is often not possible to effectively deport Islamists. So far, 12 Islamists have been deported this year. The target countries for the deportations have been Afghanistan, Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Turkey, Morocco, Lebanon, Iraq, Pakistan, Lithuania, Russia, Serbia, Italy, Denmark, Sweden, Somalia, Sri Lanka and Tajikistan.
sueddeutsche.de, tagesschau.de

New conflict potential between China and US thanks to new security law: China has told state-owned firms to halt purchases of soybeans and pork from the United States, after Washington said it would eliminate special treatment for Hong Kong to punish Beijing. China could expand the order to include additional US farm goods if Washington took further action. US President Donald Trump said on Friday he was directing his administration to begin the process of eliminating special treatment for Hong Kong, ranging from extradition treatment to export controls, in response to China’s plans to impose new security legislation in the territory. The new legislation would make it a crime to undermine Beijing’s authority in the territory. It could also see China installing its own security agencies in the region for the first time. The move has already sparked a new wave of anti-mainland protest.
cnbc.com, bbc.com

UN urges ceasefire talks in Libya: Libya’s warring parties have agreed to restart ceasefire talks, the United Nations mission to the country said late on Monday after weeks of intense fighting near the capital Tripoli fueled by foreign arms. Two ceasefires had already been agreed this year but both shelling and fighting continued. UN envoy Ghassan Salame resigned in March and the Security Council has yet to agree on a successor, further complicating peacemaking efforts. Foreign intervention in Libya has raised the stakes in the fighting with a flow of ever more powerful weapons. Last week the United States said Russia had flown at least 14 fighter jets to a Libyan National Army air base in central Libya.
reuters.com

Peter Tauber at the Cyber Innovation Hub: At the Bundeswehr Cyber Innovation Hub, the parliamentary state secretary in the German defense ministry, Peter Tauber, discussed his own experiences in the military as well as political developments that he is currently observing. Among other things, he reported on his impressions from Mali, saying European cooperation was essential for the mission in the country. Tauber demands that Europeans think more about which country can make which contribution and how cooperation can become more effective.
youtube.com

Donor conference: United Nations ask for money for Yemen br.de
KSK soldier: Secret service controllers step in spiegel.de
Coast guard: Malta accused of letting migrants die taz.de
Coronavirus pandemic in Africa: More poverty, crises and conflicts? kas.de
Arms exports: Moscow’s long-term strategy dw.com

NUMBER OF THE WEEK

The Colombian guerrilla organization Farc has doubled its membership to 4600 within a year.
handelsblatt.com

BACKGROUND

Coronavirus measures increase conflict potential in East Africa: The East African countries have been suffering from a supply crisis for months. A locust plague had overrun farmers and destroyed tons of food – a second wave followed in the spring. The resulting supply crisis is now exacerbated as a result of restrictive measures to contain the coronavirus. The exit and contact restrictions particularly affect the urban population. Many people make their living as day laborers and earn their living on the streets of the East African cities. For them there is now no income. The supply crisis can be a dangerous basis for conflict and violence potential.
swp-berlin.org

War criminals are entering politics in Serbia: Several men who emerged as militia leaders and nationalists during the Yugoslav war are now pushing into politics during the election campaign for the Serbian parliamentary election. Among them are Vojislav Seselj, who was sentenced to a prison term by the Hague Tribunal for Human Rights – but did not have to serve this sentence – and militia leader Dragan Vasiljkovic, who was recently released after 15 years in prison. The war criminals are sometimes celebrated as heroes, history revisionist narratives hide their role during the Yugoslav war. The judiciary is inactive, and the government largely leaves the war criminals alone.
tagesanzeiger.ch

Protests in Israel after murder of Palestinian: Hundreds of people have attended the funeral of an autistic Palestinian man who was shot dead by Israeli police in Jerusalem. A caregiver for the man named Iyad Halak has said she repeatedly warned officers he was disabled before they opened fire. After shooting at Halak, the police pointed their guns towards her, she claimed. Asked about the alleged account, the police spokesman, Micky Rosenfeld, referred to a ministry of justice investigation looking into the incident. The killing, which led to an apology from Israel’s defense minister, has been pointed to by Palestinian, Israeli and US activists as an example of what they say is similar neglect for the lives of Palestinian and black people in Israel and the US.
theguardian.com, bbc.com

QUOTE

“The United States of America will be designating ANTIFA as a terrorist organization.”
US President Donald Trump has claimed that left-wing activists are responsible for the violent protests in Minneapolis and other cities, and declared his administration will move to designate the loose association of militant left-wing, anti-fascist demonstrators commonly known as “Antifa” as a terrorist organization.
independent.co.uk

SECURE?

Maas demands clarification of attacks on DW journalists: German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas has called for clarification of an incident in Minneapolis in which rubber bullets were used against journalists from “Deutsche Welle”. Maas wants to contact the US authorities directly to find out the background to the alleged attack.
deutschlandfunk.de

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