KW 26: Egypt enters Libya conflict, Ongoing conflict between China and India, France accuses Turkey of aggression in the Mediterranean Sea

GREETINGS

An interior minister is responsible for citizens as well as subordinates: Germany’s police has been receiving criticism from many sides recently – even though the facts about police violence in Germany are hardly comparable to the facts in the United States. In the US, around 900 citizens die each year from police gun shots, compared to an average of 11 to 14 deaths in Germany, where every case has also been legally investigated. The German state of Berlin, however, took a somewhat populist approach and celebrated the shift in the burden of proof to government officials through the so-called “State Anti-Discrimination Act”. It is logical that Horst Seehofer, as interior minister, supports the federal police and has ended their operations in Berlin under the given conditions. As employer, he is responsible for the well-being of citizens as well as police officers.

Warm greetings from
Christian Hübenthal
– Editor Defensio Briefing –

NEWS

Egypt enters Libya conflict: The ongoing war in Libya appeared as if it were heading towards a direct confrontation between regional powers Turkey and Egypt this week. Over the weekend, Egypt’s president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, a backer of eastern Libyan General Khalifa Haftar, threatened to deploy troops to halt an advance by fighters loyal to the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli on the coastal city of Sirte as well as a key airbase in the southern town of Jufra. Sisi said attacking Sirte or the Al-Jufra airbase would be tantamount to crossing a red line and cited defending Egypt’s western border as grounds for direct intervention. The stalemated offensive on Tripoli by Sisi’s ally Haftar crumbled after Turkey threw its military weight behind the GNA. The Libyan government said it considered el-Sisi’s comments a declaration of war, while authorities in the east welcomed his support.
independent.co.uk, apnews.com, france24.com

Ongoing conflict between China and India: The worst border clash between India and China in more than 40 years left 20 Indian soldiers dead and dozens believed captured, Indian officials said on Tuesday, raising tensions between nuclear-armed rivals who have increasingly been flexing their diplomatic and military muscle. For the past several weeks, after a series of brawls along their disputed border, China and India have been building up their forces in the remote Galwan Valley, high up in the Himalayas. China took an especially muscular posture, sending in artillery, armored personnel carriers, dump trucks and excavators. On Monday night, a huge fight broke out between Chinese and Indian troops in roughly the same barren area where these two nations, the world’s most populous, had fought a war in 1962.
nytimes.com

France accuses Turkey of aggression in the Mediterranean Sea: The French defense ministry on Wednesday denounced an aggressive intervention by Turkish frigates against a French navy vessel participating in a Nato mission in the Mediterranean. The French sailors were trying to check a cargo on suspicion it was taking arms to Libya – forbidden under a UN embargo. Turkish frigates carried out radar targeting three times, suggesting a missile strike was imminent, France’s defense ministry said. The disclosure of the incident, which occurred a few weeks ago, came as Nato defense ministers held talks via video conference on Wednesday. France has also accused Turkey of violating the UN arms embargo.
france24.com

Conflict in Yemen continues despite coronavirus crisis: Yemeni separatists have seized control of the island of Socotra in the Arabian Sea, deposing its governor and driving out the forces of the Saudi-backed government, which condemned the action as a coup. The Southern Transitional Council declared self-rule in the south of the country in April, complicating UN efforts to forge a permanent ceasefire in a war that has separatists and the government fighting as nominal allies in a Saudi-led coalition against Houthi rebels, who control the north.
theguardian.com

Bloodiest week in Afghanistan in 19 years: The Taliban killed at least 291 Afghan security personnel over the past week, a top government official said Monday, accusing the insurgents of unleashing a wave of violence ahead of potential talks. The previous week was the deadliest in the country’s 19 years of conflict, said Javid Faisal, spokesman for the National Security Council, even as the insurgents dismissed the latest figures. In an attack on Monday, gunmen shot dead two prosecutors and three other employees of the attorney general’s office. It was unclear who the attackers were, and the Taliban denied involvement. The incident drew condemnation from US special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad, who led negotiations with the Taliban ahead of a deal signed in February. He said the legal team had been working on a prisoner exchange that is considered vital before the Kabul government and the Taliban can start peace talks.
france24.com

Syria: Russia and Iran fight for dominance in Damascus nzz.ch
Historical battles: Prussia’s trump cards in the war against France welt.de
Resource conflict: Ethiopia turns off the tap dw.com
Elite soldier: Exposed Islamist in German military unit was apparently radicalized in Mali rnd.de
Opposition movement: Tens of thousands protest against President Keita in Mali wienerzeitung.at

NUMBER OF THE WEEK

In 2019, Turkey imported German weapons worth 344.6 million euros.
n-tv.de

BACKGROUND

Ice Age between China and African countries? China has recently shown itself to be a good friend and supplier of aid as part of a diplomatic offensive during the coronavirus crisis in Africa. China’s anti-colonial struggle has included sending doctors to Africa since the 1960s. Chinese diplomats and embassies have also significantly increased their presence on Twitter in the past two years. China is now trying to position itself as a strong leader in the crisis, explains China-Africa expert Cobus van Staden from the South African Institute of International Affairs. In his opinion, the two countries’ relationship has changed steadily in the past decades. And he believes that it will mature.
srf.ch

Israeli historian sees no chance of a two-state solution: Tom Segev has studied the history of the state of Israel for decades – and he sees no reason to be optimistic about a soon coming peace between Israelis and Palestinians. He sees the danger that an apartheid regime will be implemented in Israel and that tensions will increase with the partial annexation of the West Bank. State founder Ben Gurion is said to have warned against taking over too many areas, most of which are Arabic. His goal has always been to create a Jewish state with as many Jewish people as possible. Benjamin Netanyahu always followed this maxim himself. The planned annexation of a third of the West Bank could spark new tensions, Segev warns.
sueddeutsche.de

No solution has yet been found for nuclear arms control: The United States wants to broaden its main nuclear arms control agreement with Russia to include all their atomic weapons, US Special Presidential Envoy for Arms Control Marshall Billingslea said on Tuesday after talks with Moscow on a new accord. He also said Washington would keep pressing China to join the talks on replacing the 2010 New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) which expires in February. New START caps the countries’ deployed strategic nuclear weapons warheads at 1,550 each, far fewer than the thousands of atomic weapons they possess.
reuters.com

QUOTE

“The federal government expressly reserves the right to take further action in this case.”
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas is considering punitive measures against Russia over the state-orchestrated murder of a Georgian man in Berlin.
handelsblatt.com

SECURE?

US soldier charged with terrorism offense: A US Army soldier has been charged with terrorism-related offenses for allegedly planning to ambush his unit by passing along sensitive information to a neo-Nazi occult group, the US justice department said Monday. He is charged with conspiring and attempting to murder US nationals, conspiring and attempting to murder military service members, providing and attempting to provide material support to terrorists, and conspiring to murder and maim in a foreign country.
cbsnews.com

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