KW 46: Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia sign peace deal over Nagorno-Karabakh, European security policy after the attack in Vienna, Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict worsens

SALUT

Everything will stay different:

Europeans had longingly awaited the end of the “difficult” relations with the US, which the election victory of Joe Biden symbolized. But will everything be the way it once was? No. Joe Biden will negotiate from the position Trump left. We will therefore have to live with NATO’s two percent target in the future, or with the US’s lack of interest if we do not meet this target. The days of our “big brother USA”, who stands by us in the event of difficulties, no matter what the cost, are over. He may now call more frequently and show better manners, but we will have to learn to be independent. Especially since this big brother now has completely different interests, namely in Asia. Biden will be no different from Trump and presumably both are correct from a geopolitical perspective.

Warm greetings from
Christian Hübenthal
– Editor Defensio Briefing –

NEWS

Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia sign peace deal over Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has announced he had signed an agreement with Russia and Azerbaijan to end the war over the disputed area of Nagorno-Karabakh, just hours after Azerbaijan claimed it captured the region’s strategic city of Shusha. Pashinyan called the deal „incredibly painful both for me and both for our people“. The new ceasefire agreement prompted anger in Armenia, as protesters stormed the parliament, beating up the speaker and reportedly looting the prime minister’s office. Under the deal, Azerbaijan will hold on to areas of Nagorno-Karabakh that it has taken during the conflict. Armenia has also agreed to withdraw from several other adjacent areas over the next few weeks.
bbc.com, cnn.com

European security policy after the attack in Vienna: Extremist attacks have bloodied numerous EU countries over the years. On Tuesday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron, Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, and the leaders of the EU’s executive and political arms held a video conference to discuss anti-terrorism strategy. The group also addressed journalists, a mix of voices intended to underscore the need for collaboration to defeat terrorism. Macron said extremist attacks were a “European reality” and the EU must tighten the screws on weak spots like external borders and the internet after two deadly extremist attacks in France and another in Austria in recent weeks. The French leader stressed the need to develop a shared database and improved police cooperation, and said he wants a deep reform of how the external borders of Europe’s visa-free travel area are policed, a plan he made public last week.
washingtonpost.com

Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict worsens: Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is waging a military offensive against local leaders in the Tigray region defiant of his authority. About 2,500 Ethiopians have escaped across the border to Sudan. Hundreds have died in air strikes and fighting amid fears that Ethiopia could slide into civil war given deep animosity between the Tigrayans and Abiy, who comes from the largest Oromo ethnic group. State media said federal forces had captured Humera airport, near the borders with Sudan and Eritrea, along with a road leading from the town. The Ethiopian Press Agency posted photos that it said showed federal soldiers, backed by forces from the neighboring Amhara region, at the airport.
reuters.com

Thousands in Leipzig protest German Covid restrictions: Protesters clashed with police in the eastern German city of Leipzig on Saturday after officers tried to break up a march against Covid restrictions. Few people at the protest wore masks or kept their distance from others despite police warning from megaphones and officers walking through the crowds on foot to caution them. German media broadcast images of projectiles and fireworks thrown at police who had established a security cordon near the city’s main train station. Several media outlets reported that some of the protesters who scuffled with police were members of far-right groups. A few demonstrators clashed with counter-protesters, who gathered for a separate march, police said.
dw.com, apnews.com

Secret meeting: C.G. Haenel wants assault rifle order: German armory C.G. Haenel wants to fight for a controversial Bundeswehr contract to build 120,000 new assault rifles. While the Suhl company has not officially heard anything about the allegations that it allegedly infringed the patents of its competitor Heckler & Koch and made illegal agreements with the procurement office, Haenel boss Olaf Sauer wants to meet the members of the Bundestag in two weeks to explain. According to information from NewsABC.net, there will be a meeting of defense and budget politicians with Sauer on the morning of November 24th.
newsabc.net

Torture allegations: German accuses Syrian military intelligence faz.net
Nuremberg trials: Former chief prosecutor publishes autobiography rnd.de
Covid: Military helps in the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district rbb24.de
Eurofighter: Military to get new fighter jets handelsblatt.com
Peace talks: How sustainable is the ceasefire in Libya? faz.net

NUMBER OF THE WEEK

According to a study by the organizations Bread for the World and Terre des Hommes, since 2014, the German government has approved arms exports worth three billion euros to states that are accused by the United Nations of serious violations of children’s rights.
stern.de

BACKGROUND

How US relations with China will develop under Biden: Following Joe Biden’s US election victory, an official congratulations from China is still a long way off. What may come as a surprise at first glance in view of Biden’s predecessor in office Trump, who had intensified the economic war with the People’s Republic, is more of a foretaste of the ongoing complicated Sino-American relations. Most analysts and experts do not expect a comprehensive recovery in the relationship between the two countries, at best in terms of their tone. After all, the issues in both states have by no means been settled with the removal of Trump. Due to its economic rise, China remains the greatest competitor of the former “only superpower in the world” and is increasingly presenting this self-confidence in foreign policy. There remains a struggle for supremacy in technology, the dissent in dealing with human rights, the dispute over military control in the Pacific region.
rnd.de

Islam Conference launches program for German imams: The Islam Conference on Tuesday announced a program to train German imams. This is to curb the influence of foreign states and organizations on imams preaching in Germany. The domestic political spokesman for the Union parliamentary group, Mathias Middelberg, announced that there had to be imams who identify with Germany, who feel at home here, who speak German, and who share the values ​​of democracy, rule of law and freedom. The first course for imams, community educators and pastors is to take place in April at the Islam College of Osnabrück University. It is expressly also open to women and will only be held in German. The course is funded by the Federal Ministry of the Interior and the Lower Saxony Ministry of Science. Criticism was sparked by the decision of the Ditib Association not to participate in the program. Ditib represents around half of the Muslims of Turkish origin in Germany and is subordinate to the Turkish state religious authority. On Monday, EU Council President Charles Michel proposed a “European institute for the training of imams” to combat Islamist extremism and terror in Europe.
br.de

Fight against PKK in Iraq: alliance between Ankara and Erbil? In northern Iraq, there are increasing signs of cooperation between Turkey and the Peshmerga of the Democratic Party of Kurdistan (KDP), which governs in Erbil, against the guerrilla fighters of the Kurdistan Workers‘ Party (PKK) operating in the region. Since the end of October, the transfer of Peshmerga fighters with artillery and armored vehicles to the Iraqi-Turkish border area has been observed. Last Wednesday, there was an armed clash between Peshmerga units and PKK fighters in Chamanke, Dohuk province. According to the daily newspaper Junge Welt, one Peshmerga was killed and others were wounded. There has been enmity between the rather conservative KDP and the left-wing PKK for decades. The conflict is further fueled by the presence of Turkish occupation forces in northern Iraq and in the Kurdish areas of Syria. Under Masud Barsani, the KDP is even more closely intertwined with the Turkish government. A military conflict between the Kurdish parties could trigger another conflagration in the already contested region, which would also spread to the neighboring country of Iraq. The Peshmerga fighters were equipped and trained by the German military in the fight against Isis.
jungewelt.de

QUOTE

„The EU expects everyone involved to contribute to calming the situation and resuming dialogue (…) and promoting reconciliation through concrete measures.“
EU foreign policy chief Joseph Borrel in a statement on the controversial presidential election in Ivory Coast, in which, according to Human Rights Watch, at least 20 people were killed.
dw.com

SECURE?

Heavily armed Trump supporters protest the election: Around 200 pro-President Trump demonstrators, some of them openly carrying guns, gathered outside the Oregon state capital building in Salem to protest the US presidential election results Saturday. The Trump supporters assaulted at least one cameraman and pepper-sprayed a woman, while police struggled to contain the rally, the Portland Tribune reported. They were met with counterprotesters and punched one in the face.
nydailynews.com

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